|Codes: Canadian SALI Areas of Law
|Draft Canada categories V 1.0
|Level 2 and 3
|Description IN PROGRESS
|Law that governs how banks and other financial institutions conduct business.
|Law governing routine banking operations including bank capital requirements, risk management, etc.
|Bank Secrecy and Anti-Money Laundering
|Law regulating financial institutions relating to money laundering.
|Bankruptcy, Insolvency and Restructuring
|Laws relating to insolvent individuals and companies.
|Corporate Bankruptcy, Insolvency and Restructuring
|Law relating to insolvency of corporations.
|Law relating to debt relief for individuals.
|Constitutional and Human Rights
|Rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations, and private individuals.
|Protection from discrimination on grounds such as race, gender, sexual orientation, national origin, color, age, political affiliation, ethnicity, religion, and disability.
|Individual rights such as privacy and the freedom of thought, speech, religion, press, assembly, and movement.
|Political rights include natural justice (procedural fairness) in law, such as the rights of the accused, including the right to a fair trial; due process; the right to seek redress or a legal remedy; and rights of participation in civil society and politics such as freedom of association, the right to assemble, the right to petition, the right of self-defense, and the right to vote.
|Law that governs the formation and operation of corporations.
|Law governing the creation and operation of businesses.
|Mechanisms, processes, and relations by which corporations are controlled and operated.
|Mergers and Acquisitions
|Law dealing with companies that are purchasing and/or merging with other companies.
|Private Equity, Hedge Funds and Venture Capital
|Law that applies to the rights, relations, and conduct of persons and businesses engaged in commerce, merchandising, trade, and sales.
|Law related to business contracts and agreements.
|Competition and Trade Law
|Admiralty and Maritime Law
|Law that governs nautical issues and private maritime disputes.
|Antitrust and Competition
|Law surrounding business competition.
|Law concerned with the punishment of individuals who commit crimes.
|Law addressing bribery of public officials.
|Asset forfeiture or asset seizure is a form of confiscation of assets by the state.
|Business and Financial Crimes
|Fraud, embezzlement, ponzi, etc. False Claims Act.
|Crimes committed using a computer or directed at computers, data, or other information technology - piracy, hacking, etc.
|Law related to curtailing organized crime.
|The body of law that covers teachers, schools, school districts, school boards, and the students they teach.
|Law concerned with creating, enforcing and challenging laws that regulate energy use.
|Law regulating nuclear power and nuclear materials.
|Oil and Gas
|Law pertaining to the acquisition and ownership rights in oil and gas both under the soil before discovery and after its capture, and adjudication regarding those rights.
|Laws pertaining to renewable energy.
|Hydroelectric Energy Law
|Laws pertaining to hydroelectric power.
|Solar Energy Law
|Laws pertaining to solar power.
|Wind Power Law
|Law pertaining to wind power.
|Sales and Transmission
|Law involving all aspects of the economic regulation of energy utilities including electric utilities, power generation and electric transmission, distribution of electricity, natural gas, crude and petroleum, and coal.
|Environmental and Natural Resource Law
|Law addressing environmental pollution and natural resource management.
|Law governing the emission of air pollutants into the atmosphere.
|Law governing the removal of pollution or contaminants from environmental media such as soil, sediment, surface water, or groundwater.
|Law governing the use of chemicals in human activities, particularly man-made chemicals in modern industrial applications.
|Assessment of the environmental consequences (positive and negative) of a plan, policy, program, or actual projects prior to the decision to move forward with the proposed action.
|Laws governing activities in designated forest lands, most commonly with respect to forest management and timber harvesting.
|Fish and Game
|Laws regulating the right to pursue and take or kill certain kinds of fish and wild animal (game).
|Laws covering the ownership of the mineral resource and who can work them.
|Law governing the release of pollutants into water resources.
|Water Resources and Wetlands
|Laws governing the ownership and use of water resources, including surface water and groundwater, oceans and seas.
|Wildlife and Plants
|Laws governing the potential impact of human activity on wild animals or plants, whether directly on individuals or populations, or indirectly via habitat degradation.
|Law governing the transport, treatment, storage, and disposal of all manner of waste, including municipal solid waste, hazardous waste, and nuclear waste.
|Finance and Lending
|Law supporting the function of providing loans or other financing to businesses or individuals.
|Law supporting the function of providing loans or other financing to businesses.
|Law which holds lender liable for a borrower's financial losses that are directly or indirectly related to the lender's actions.
|Food and Drug Law
|Laws regulating food, drugs, and cosmetics.
|Law, rules, and regulations that apply to the gaming or gambling industry.
|Law, rules, regulations and other jurisprudence among providers, payers and vendors to the health care industry and its patients; and (2) delivery of health care services; all with an emphasis on operations, regulatory and transactional legal issues.
|Information, Privacy and Data Security Law
|Law regulating the protection of information and information systems from unauthorized access
|Law and rules related to the protection of information and information systems.
|Government Access and Disclosure
|Law relating to the access and disclosure of information by a government.
|Laws regulating the storing, and using of personally identifiable information of individuals.
|Law surrounding insurance, including insurance policies and claims.
|Accident Benefits Law
|Disability Insurance Law
|Intellectual Property And Technology
|Law protecting the legal rights to inventions, designs, and artistic works.
|Laws intended to encourage the creation of art and culture by rewarding authors and artists with a set of exclusive rights.
|Law is designed to encourage inventors to disclose their new technology to the world by offering the incentive of a limited-time monopoly on the technology.
|Trademark and Trade Dress Law
|Law protecting a business' commercial identity or brand by or product design discouraging other businesses from adopting a name, logo or design that is "confusingly similar" to an existing trademark or design.
|Trade Secret Law
|Law relating to trade secrets.
|Labour and Employment Law
|Law relating to the relationship between trade individuals, unions, employers and the government.
|Law relating to protected class employment discrimination including retaliation and harassment
|Occupational Health and Safety
|Law governing the health and safety of employees.
|National statutes, and regulations governing employment-based immigration into and deportation from a country.
|Law relating to the relationship between trade unions, employers and the government.
|Pension and Benefits Law
|Law relating to retirement and welfare benefit plans, with particular emphasis on benefits arrangements.
|Unemployment benefits refer to those benefits given by the government to unemployed persons.
|Law that governs the wages rates an employer can pay its employees, the hours for which an employer must compensate its employees, child labor laws and meal and break laws.
|Workplace Safety and Insurance
|Law addressing wage replacement and medical benefits to employees injured in the course of employment.
|Law encompassing rules by which an employer may terminate an employee.
|Personal and Family Law
|Law that deals with family matters and domestic relations.
|Adoption, Surrogacy and Paternity
|Laws relating to adoption, surrogacy and paternity.
|National statutes, and regulations governing immigration into and deportation from a country including issues of naturalization and citizenship.
|Juvenile law and child protective proceedings.
|Laws relating to marriage, civil unions, and domestic partnerships.
|Trusts and Estate Planning
|Public and Administrative Law
|Law which governs relationships between individuals and the government, and the activities of administrative agencies of government including rule making, adjudication, or the enforcement of a specific regulatory agenda.
|Legal procedures and regulations governing elections.
|Laws relating to contracts in which the government is a party.
|Indigenous People's Law
|Legal procedures and regulations that are specific to indigenous peoples' rights.
|Military and Veterans Law
|Legal procedures and regulations specific to the military and veterans rights.
|Law including legislation and regulations relating to the financial activities of government or public sector organizations.
|Public Policy and Government Affairs
|Rules surrounding lobbying and political advocacy.
|Project Finance Law
|Legal procedures and regulations specific to the development, equity and non-recourse debt financing, construction, operation, and maintenance of major industrial and infrastructure projects.
|Public Health and Welfare
|Law relating to the authority of the government at various jurisdictional levels to improve the health of the general population within societal limits and norms.
|Real Property Law
|Law that governs the various forms of ownership and tenancy in real property.
|Construction and Development
|Law dealing with matters relating to building construction, engineering, and related fields.
|Law regulating the taking of private land for public use.
|Landlord & Tenant Law
|Law that details the rights and duties of landlords and tenants
|Land Use and Zoning Law
|Law regulating the subdivision, use, and restriction of land.
|Law relating to the acquisition and transfer of real property.
|Securities and Financial Instruments Law
|Law covering transactions and other dealings with securities including both federal- and state-level regulation by purely governmental regulatory agencies, listing requirements of exchanges, and rules of self-regulatory organizations.
|Law surrounding individuals engaged in effecting transactions in securities for others or for their own account.
|Law governing commodities and futures trading activities.
|Derivatives and Futures
|Law governing derivatives.
|Rules regarding market places or facilities for bringing together purchasers and sellers of securities.
|Rules regarding investment adviser duties and responsibilities.
|Regulations on companies that engage primarily in investing, reinvesting, and trading in securities, and whose own securities are offered to the investing public.
|Security Offerings and Capital Markets
|Corporate debt and equity issuance (public and private) and markets.
|Law surrounding securitization and asset-backed securities.
|Tax and Revenue Law
|Law which deals with the constitutional, common-law, statutory, tax treaty, and regulatory rules that constitute the law applicable to taxation.
|Estates, Gifts, and Trusts
|Laws regulating estate or personal planning and administration.
|Non-Profit and Exempt Organizations
|Laws that govern non-profit and charitable organizations operations and management.
|Federal, State, and Local tax laws.
|Laws regulating telecommunications and broadcasting.
|Laws regulating telecommunications and broadcasting utilities.
|Personal Injury and Torts
|Law which allows an injured person to obtain compensation from the person who caused the injury.
|Law relating to inflicting physical harm or unwanted physical contact upon a person or a threat or attempt to commit such an action.
|The action of damaging the good reputation of someone; slander or libel.
|Fraud and Economic Torts
|The wrong done by another person or business that occurs in, or affects, commerce.
|Failure to exercise the care that a reasonably prudent person or professional, in the case of professional negligence, would exercise in like circumstances and the harm caused by those actions.
|Law relating to liability for injuries caused by defective or unsafe products.
|Law involving transportation infrastructure and all forms of road, railway, water and air transport.
|Law that concerns flight, air travel, and associated legal and business concerns.
|Motor Vehicle Law
|Law covering all the aspects of registering and titling motor vehicles, and licensing drivers.
|Law that concerns railways and associated legal and business concerns.